欧文版学习笔记:对比修辞手法在绝望的主妇中的应用

对比(antithesis)、也被称作对照、映衬、对偶(需满足字数相等、结构相同、意义对称),是英语中普遍使用的一种修辞手法。所谓对比,是指两种不同的事物或同一事物的两个不同方面的相互比较。这种比较能使事物的特征、性质、状态更加突出,语言色彩更加鲜明,语义作用更为加强。对比句有很多案例因为脍炙人口、对比工整再加上很多句子寓意深刻、激发共鸣,于是得到了广泛引用和千古流传。

Antithesis is the term used to refer to an author’s use of two contrasting or opposite terms in a sentence for effect. The two terms are set near each other to enhance or highlight the contrast in opposite meaning.

Sometimes, characters in literary works are the antithesis of each other. The two characters are shown as opposites in order to highlight the good qualities of one and the evil qualities of the other.

以中文为例:

朱门酒肉臭,路有冻死骨。(杜甫)

有钱能使鬼失磨,无钱便做推磨鬼。(民间)

为人进出的人紧锁着,为狗爬走的洞敞开着。(叶挺)

绿水无恨,因风皱面;青山不老,为雪白头。(李文甫)

再看看英文例句:

There are two kinds of pain, the sort of pain that makes you strong, or useless pain, the sort of pain that’s only suffering. --House of cards.

A normal person wouldn’t engage in the behavior. A sociopath wouldn’t give a shit. You’re somewhere in between.” –Billions

“That’s the difference between you and me. You wanna lose small, I wanna win big.” — Suits

You See, The Dreamers Need The Realists To Keep Them From Soaring Too Close To The Sun. And The Realists, Well, Without The Dreamers, They Might Never Get Off The Ground. –Modern Family

再来看《绝望的主妇》相关例句:

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