绝望的主妇第一季第八集直播回放-Part01

­­­Desperate Housewives S01E08-Part01

相关知识点请参见以下讲义:

Sinner[ˈsɪnə(r)]A person who has broken a religious or moral law. (罪人)

Mortal sin(严重的罪行) Venial[‘viːniəl] sin:(轻微的罪行)

A mortal sin, in Catholic theology, is a gravely sinful act, which can lead to damnation if a person does not repent of the sin before death. A sin is considered to be “mortal” when its quality is such that it leads to a separation of that person from God’s saving grace. Three conditions must together be met for a sin to be mortal: “Mortal sin is sin whose object is grave matter and which is also committed with full knowledge and deliberate consent.”

在天主教神学中,Mortal Sin指的是一种罪孽深重的行为,如果一个人在死前不作忏悔,可能会被罚下地狱。当罪的性质足以导致该人与上帝的救恩分离时,就被认为是“罪孽深重”。定性为罪孽深重,必须同时满足三个条件:“不郝之罪是指在完全知晓后果且故意实施的情况下所犯下的严重罪行(致人丧命、令受害者及其家庭蒙受巨大的身心摧残等)。”

美国文化之罪孽的轻与重

The sin against the Holy Ghost and the sins that cry to Heaven for vengeance are considered especially serious. This type of sin is distinguished from a venial sin that simply leads to a weakening of a person’s relationship with God. Despite its gravity, a person can repent of having committed a mortal sin. Such repentance is the primary requisite for forgiveness and absolution.

违背圣灵,或者是被人哭诉向天伸冤的罪恶被认定为罪孽深重,这种罪行与那些轻微的过失(venial sin)不可同日而语,轻罪带来的后果只是与上帝关系的疏远。而罪孽深重者要想获得上帝的宽恕和赦免,向上帝忏悔其罪行是首要前提。

Seven Cardinal sins:七宗罪 (犯此等罪者入地狱 )

七宗罪

The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins, is a grouping and classification of vices of Christian origin. Behaviors or habits are classified under this category if they directly give birth to other immoralities. According to the standard list, they are pride, greed, lust, envy, gluttony, wrath, and sloth, which are also contrary to the seven virtues. These sins are often thought to be abuses or excessive versions of one’s natural faculties or passions (for example, gluttony abuses one’s desire to eat).

Straight A “A” is the highest mark in many grading systems. To get straight-As at school or college is to get the best grade in exams and papers. (最优等成绩)

Second base: (第二垒)相关背景文化知识参考如下:

Baseball metaphors for sex (棒球活动与性爱的隐喻关联)

Among the most commonly used metaphors is the progress of a batter and base-runner in describing levels of physical intimacy (traditionally from a heterosexual perspective). Definitions vary, but the following are typical usages of the terms:

  • Strikeout – a failure to engage in any form of foreplay or other sexual activity;
  • First base – mouth-to-mouth kissing, especially French kissing;
  • Second base – skin-to-skin touching/kissing of the breasts; in some contexts, it may instead refer to touching any erogenous zones through the clothes (i.e., not actually touching the skin);
  • Third base – touching below the waist (without sexual intercourse) or manual stimulation of the genitals; in some contexts, it may instead refer to oral stimulation of the genitals;
  • Home run (home base or scoring) – “full” (penetrative) sexual intercourse

鼠标滚轮往上滑,获取第一季第八集完整版学习笔记(需支付点数)Notes

主妇帮未声明转载文章皆为原创,未经许可不得转载!
看绝望的主妇学英语 » 绝望的主妇第一季第八集直播回放-Part01

发表评论

看绝望的主妇学英语

组队学习 人才招聘