看绝望的主妇学英语比喻修辞手法的应用

鉴于《绝望的主妇》这部剧所涉及的比喻手法层出不穷且灵活多样,如果掌握并运用得当,能够给我们的口语及写作表达增光添彩,这里我想花一点篇幅讨论三种常见比喻手法:

明喻:simile­

明喻用另外的事物来对比要修辞的事物,表示两者之间共性及相似关系,这种共性存在于人们的心里,而且能被明显地观察或感知出来。明喻的标志词常用:like, as, seem, as if, as though, similar to, such as等。

As ifSusan suddenly had an awful feeling in the pit of her stomach as if she was watching an accident in slow motion. She knew it would happen, but was powerless to stop it.

As…asChange in behavior is one of the warning signs, and you have been as fresh as paint for the last six months. That certainly would explain why you’re always locked in the bathroom.

LikeSometimes we even kiss the people who’re just our friends, kind of like a high five on the lips, right?­

隐喻、暗喻:(Metaphor

暗喻是本体和喻体同时出现,它们之间在形式上是相合的关系,说甲(本体)是(喻词)乙(喻体)。喻词常由:是、就是、成了、成为、变成等表判断的词语来充当。暗喻又叫隐喻。隐喻是在彼类事物的暗示之下感知、体验、想象、理解、谈论此类事物的心理行为、语言行为和文化行为,。

E.G.1:(Rex said to Bree in S01E02) I want a divorcee. I just can’t live in this, this detergent commercial anymore. (将Fake happy marriage比作是:Detergent commercial)

E.G.2:Had I look close, I’d have seen that Gabrielle was a drowning woman desperately in search of a life raft. (将Gaby的纠结于那种孤单无聊的状态比作是淹水后疯狂寻求救生筏的女人)

E.G.3:Exploring options is the whole point of being separated. –Options! I’m not a mutual fund, Rex. (将允许男人在尚未离婚时与别的女人有染的妻子比作是共享基金,所谓的共享基金指的团体内任何人都有权利支配的资产。)

E.G.4:Look at this bone structure. This face is a cash cow. And if you don’t have the vision to take advantage of that, then maybe I’m at the wrong agency.

(将漂亮的脸蛋比作是现金牛,这个现金牛翻译成中文就是:摇钱树、下蛋鸡、聚宝盆之类成为生财的吉祥物。)

借喻、转喻:(Metonymy 

以喻体来代替本体,本体和喻词都不出现,直接把甲(本体)说成乙(喻体)。借喻由于只有喻体出现,所以能产生更加深厚、含蓄的表达效果,同时也使语言更加简洁。

中文举例:他很魁梧,像墩子一样。(明喻)

墩子扛了三袋米,气都不喘一下。(借喻)

E.G.1:(Gaby said to Susan in S01E02) You need to get there early, spend a little time with Mike before the little barracuda gets there.(将Edie比作是抢食性的梭鱼)

E.G.2:(Narrator Said in S01E02) She saw the tall drink of water she needed to quench her thirst.(将Mike比作成一汪能解渴的水)

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